Physics Club: Matthew Fisher, University of California, Santa Barbara, “Quantum Many-body theory in the Quantum Information era”

Event time: 
Monday, April 24, 2023 - 3:30pm to 4:30pm
Sloane Physics Laboratory SPL, Room 57 See map
217 Prospect Street
New Haven, CT 06511
Matthew Fisher, University of California, Santa Barbara
Event description: 

Traditionally, quantum many-body theory has focused on ground states and equilibrium properties of spatially extended systems, such as electrons and spins in crystalline solids. In recent years “noisy intermediate scale quantum computers” (NISQ) have emerged, providing new opportunities for controllable non-equilibrium many-body systems. In such dynamical quantum systems the inexorable growth of non-local quantum entanglement is expected, but monitoring (by making projective measurements) can compete against entanglement growth. In this talk I will overview theoretical work exploring the behavior of “monitored” quantum circuits, which can exhibit a novel quantum dynamical phase transition between a “weak measurement phase” and a “quantum Zeno phase”, the former which we characterize in detail. Accessing such physics in the lab is challenged by the need for post-selection, which might be circumnavigated by decoding using active error correction.
Host: Ian Moult (