Physics Club: Wolfgang Ketterle, MIT (Cambridge, MA) -“Collisional cooling of ultracold molecules, and spin transport in optical lattices”

Event time: 
Friday, December 6, 2019 - 3:30pm to 4:30pm
Sloane Physics Laboratory (SPL), Room 59 See map
217 Prospect Street
New Haven, CT 06511
Event description: 

The field of ultracold atoms has many exciting frontiers, including precision measurements, superfluids, quantum dynamics, few-body physics, and ultracold chemistry. After a general introduction, I will focus on two recent results. Collisional cooling is crucial to prepare quantum degenerate gases. It has been a long-standing goal to achieve such cooling of ultracold molecules. This has been realized by sympathetically cooling rovibrational ground-state triplet NaLi molecules with Na atoms and increase the phase space density by a factor of 20. Although triplet NaLi has an excitation energy of 0.9 eV (corresponding to 10,000 K), this is the first ultracold molecule for which a favorable ratio of elastic to inelastic collisions (greater than 50) has been realized.
Atoms in two different hyperfine states in optical lattices realize spin Hamiltonians. So far, only the isotropic Heisenberg model has been realized. Using lithium-7 atoms and Feshbach resonances to tune the interactions, we have created Heisenberg models with adjustable anisotropy, including the paradigmatic XY-model which can be exactly solved by mapping it to non-interacting fermions. Spin transport changes from ballistic to diffusive depending on the anisotropy.
Host: Nir Navon: