Special Biological Physics Seminar: Farshid Jafarpour, University of Pennsylvania, “Statistical Physics of Bacterial Cells and Their Populations”

Event time: 
Wednesday, March 27, 2019 - 12:00pm to 1:00pm
Sloane Physics Laboratory (SPL) See map
217 Prospect Street
New Haven, CT 06511
Event description: 

Title: Statistical Physics of Bacterial Cells and Their Populations

Abstract: Many physiological properties of genetically identical bacteria in identical environments can vary from cell to cell due to small-number fluctuations in their molecular compositions. Simple examples of such properties are single-cell growth rates, generation times, and cell sizes. There are regulatory mechanisms for some of these variables to ensure that they stay within a physiologically reasonable range. These regulations induce correlations between these variables. For large populations of bacteria, however, it is often assumed that the fluctuations average out, and only the expected values of these variables affect the population dynamics. In this talk, I will discuss how not only the mean but also the variance, the shape of the distributions, and the correlations of some of these variables (but not others) can affect the dynamics of the population growth rate. These results suggest that not only the mean but also the distributions of some of these physiological parameters (but not others) are under selection pressure even in a constant environment.

Host: Nicholas Read