The mission of the MIT Pappalardo Fellowships in Physics is to sustain a distinguished, on-campus postdoctoral fellowship program for the Department that identifies, recruits and supports the most talented and promising young physicists at an early stage of their careers. This initiative was made possible by the encouragement and generosity of Mr. A. Neil Pappalardo (EE '64), an MIT alumnus with a long history of generosity to both the Institute and the Department of Physics. The program traditionally appoints three new Fellows per academic year for a three-year fellowship term each. Fellows are selected by means of an annual competition for which candidates cannot apply directly, but must be nominated by a faculty member or senior researcher within the international community of physics, astronomy or related fields. All MIT Pappalardo Fellows in Physics are provided with: complete independence in selection and focus of research direction within the MIT Department of Physics throughout their three-year fellowship term; active faculty mentoring fostered by weekly luncheons and monthly dinners with faculty and guests during the academic year, which promotes scientific exchange and professional growth for the Fellows; a competitive annual stipend with an annual cost-of-living increase, combined with $5,000 per year in discretionary research funds; and MIT Medical Affiliate health insurance coverage for Fellows and their dependents.